Transitions: dissolve, cross dissolve, fade in from black or white, and fade out to black or white: Video transitions are used to make cuts from one clip to another smoother, or to start and finish a sequence. Many in-phone apps have transitions which might be cute for social media, but really don’t belong into video marketing for businesses, unless of course you cater to an audience that appreciates dizzying transitions. The most common transitions are fading up from black and fading down to black. Those can be used at the head and tail of a clip, but also from one cut to another – the length of the transition can be as short as a few frames.
Green Screen (can also be blue) is a backdrop that allows fora change in background in editing. Herewith the wiki definition:
Chroma key compositing, or chroma keying, is a visual effects / post-production technique for compositing (layering) two images or video streams together based on color hues (chroma range). The technique has been used heavily in many fields to remove a background from the subject of a photo or video – particularly the newscasting, motion picture and videogame industries. A color range in the foreground footage is made transparent, allowing separately filmed background footage or a static image to be inserted into the scene. The chroma keying technique is commonly used in video production and post-production.
Both are typically used as a transcription of the audio portion of a program as it occurs (either verbatim or in edited form), sometimes including descriptions of non-speech elements.
A Transcript is the written audio of a video and is normally embedded below the video or on the same webpage to help search engines to crawl the text and index it for search engines to find the content.
Pro Tip: If you use the Facebook captions for instance they only show up when you’re playing the video without audio (very cool, but only works on Facebook, not any other source).
Both Captions and Transcripts are highly recommended for any video uploads on websites and YouTube.
Looking for more tips and tricks to start your 2017 off right?
Read my blog post Why I Stopped Caring About Trend Predictions, watch my VLOG: Best Practices for 2017, and check out our Curated Link Pack.
A Video Player is a plug-in that allows you to play a video you have embedded in your website.
There are several plug-ins that work very well. For WordPress I use Huzzaz Video Galleries, which is free and allows for several different ways of displaying your videos if you have more than one.
For a single video I love embed.ly. It gives you a Short Code to embed on the WordPress page and couldn’t be any easier. It’s also not customizable, but it will honor the YouTube (or Vimeo) settings you have established.
Hosting means uploading your video to the on-line platform where it’s playing. See also Native Video.
Embedding means you are hosting the video somewhere else – YouTube for instance, or Vimeo – and are linking from there to where you want to play the video, like your website.
TRT is one of those lovely acronyms our industry has. It stands for “Total Running Time” and refers to the exact length (to the frame) of a video. Mostly, for the casual user there’s no difference between RT (Running Time) and TRT, but if you are media buying, say for an advertising spot on the Super Bowl, your counting down to the frame.
We all know what a rendering is, but do you know what it means within the context of video editing? We refer to a render or to rendering as something you do to compile all the assets of a video edit and make it “one” for “output” to a single file, mostly a .mp4, or .mov file (the first for Mac, the latter for PC).
The definition of rendering on wikipedia refers to graphics, but holds true for a video sequence in an edit software as well. Rendering is generating an image from a model (i.e. an edit sequence) by means of computer programs. Rendering software renders data into [moving] picture.
The video clips you are working with in an editing software are put into a sequence, which is defined as a set of things next to each other in a set order. And the timeline is the graphical representation of that chronological sequence of events (i.e. video clips strung together).
Edit Windows: Most professional editing softwares are set up in four main windows:
- Assets, organized in bins
- Source window
- Preview window
- Sequence, Timeline
The tools you use to work with these windows are often in tool bars on any of the screen edges. See sample below from Adobe Premiere CC.
- The assets window has all the different files and folders in it you are working with, as well as tabs or links to effects, transitions, and other apps.
- The source window shows you the video (or effect, or audio wave file) of the asset you are currently working with. I.e. choosing clips from to put into the time line (for the most part)
- The sequence window shows you your timeline and
- The preview window shows you your edited video clip (sequence) at the moment where you are editing right now)
A Bin is a software folder into which video clips and other editing assets get organized in. You’ll have many bins per project and we’ll talk about workflow and naming these bins next week.
The term bin is a leftover from the manual editing days (not too long ago), where in the editing process the physical filmstrips would be hanging from a frame built on top of a bin. The top bar of the frame had small nails every half-inch or so from which the filmstrips would hang from their sprocket holes. The bin itself would catch any filmstrips that fell off the frame.