Category Archives: Pre-Production

Definition Day: Production Schedule vs. Call Sheet

Definition DayA Production Schedule covers the entire production period of a video production, where as a Call Sheet is in use for the shoot day.

A call sheet covers many functions: contact sheet, location information, shoot schedule, and lastly a call sheet (sic!): meaning it gives every person on a set from client, to crew, to personnel, actors, and vendors the time they are to show up for work. On big productions there are dozens of people who all ‘report to location’ at a different time.

Here’s a bit of madness I pulled off the net. This is a commercial production call sheet:CommercialCallSheetSAMPLE

Definition Day: Pass-Through

Definition DayA Passthrough is a cost in a video budget that does not get marked up with a production fee, but gets passed on at cost. At cost often means that a 10% service fee is added, to cover accounting, insurance, and administration on the cost, but it’s not meant to be an income stream for the production company. Typical passthrough items are: travel related costs, meals, per diems, and local transport.

Ironically, budgets today are so tight, that there’s nary a difference between a mark up and a passthrough.

Definition Day: Above-the-Line vs. Below-the-Line

Definition DayWe always called the difference between Above- and Below-the-line peeps on a crew as the have and the have-nots.  

Basically the Above-the-line folks are the creatives: writer, producer, director, actors.  

Below-the-line are all the other folks plus all the ‘stuff’, like equipment, locations, offices, post-production items, you name it.

The term Above- and Below-the-line comes form the top sheet of a budget where the summary delineates between the Above and the Below people. In commercial production the two groups are also subject to different mark-ups.

Definition Day: Talent Release

Definition DayA Talent Release is a contract that an actor, or the person who appears in a video signes to give full consent to being filmed. There are standard releases on-line. It’s important to make sure that the release states that you can manipulate the media in any way you want, that you can use the media for all perpetuity (eternity), and in any medium existing or invented in the future.

Most importantly: do not shoot a single frame before you don’t have a signature!

When shooting big crowd scenes, using ‘real’ people, i.e. you’re shooting in the streets of Manhattan for instance you can put up a sign saying  something along the lines of: By walking down this street (or entering this store, etc), you give consent to be filmed.  This can work for small independent films, but for everybody else you need a release form from every single person you see in the picture.